On this day in history, January 24, 2003, Department of Homeland Security established as Cabinet agency


The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), a far-reaching federal response to the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, on U.S. soil, began operation as a new Cabinet-level agency on this day in history, Jan. 24, 2003.

“Our duties are wide-ranging and our goal is clear — keeping America safe,” the department states online of its mission.

The creation of DHS enjoyed overwhelming bipartisan support amid the fear that followed the 9/11 attacks.


It has engendered widespread criticism in recent years from across the political spectrum for giving a bloated federal agency the ability to pry into the lives of everyday Americans.

In particular, DHS has been found to be at the center of the Biden administration’s alleged collusion with tech giants to censor free speech in recent years.

At the same time DHS was allegedly working to censor everyday Americans, it brazenly shirked its most basic security responsibility: protecting the U.S. border. 

Calls have grown in recent months to impeach DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas amid the department’s increasing abuses and ineffectiveness.

“A mistake made in panic would be best fixed by starting over.” — The Brennan Center

DHS is now a bureaucratic behemoth with more than 240,000 employees and a fiscal year 2023 budget of $97 billion — greater than the annual budget of 42 states.


A frightened nation called for the creation of an umbrella security agency in the aftermath of 9/11.

“We’ve learned that vast oceans no longer protect us from the dangers of a new era,” President George W. Bush said on Jan. 24, 2003, as he led a swearing-in ceremony for Tom Ridge as the first secretary of Homeland Security.

Plane crashing into World Trade Center

“This government has a responsibility to confront the threat of terror wherever it is found.”

An Office of Homeland Security was created within the White House on Oct. 8, 2001, just four weeks after the 9/11 attacks savagely killed nearly 3,000 people in New York City, Washington, D.C., and rural Pennsylvania.

“With the passage of the Homeland Security Act by Congress in November 2002, the Department of Homeland Security formally came into being as a stand-alone, cabinet-level department to further coordinate and unify national homeland security efforts,” DHS states in its online history.

Ridge, the governor of Pennsylvania on Sept. 11, first took over Homeland Security leadership duties in an advisory role on Sept. 20, 2001.

He led DHS until Feb. 1, 2005.

“We’ve learned that vast oceans no longer protect us from the dangers of a new era.” — President George W. Bush

The department combined 22 different federal departments and agencies into a unified organization to better coordinate responses to threats and attacks.

It became the 15th executive department under the Executive Office. It is the third largest among them.

The Homeland Security Act of November 2002 turned the White House office into the Cabinet-level department known today.

DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas

The act passed with overwhelming bipartisan support: a 295-132 vote in the House and a vote of 90-9 in the Senate. 

President Bush signed it into law on Nov. 25.

The Homeland Security Act was one in a long list of bipartisan legislative victories for the Bush administration in the aftermath of 9/11.


The unified response to the terror attacks contradicts the way media and political opponents soon portrayed President Bush as a cowboy “going it alone” — to cite one incessant criticism that grew increasingly savage in the years that followed.

The Iraq War Resolution, for example, passed 296-133 in the House and 77-23 in the Senate.

Then-Sens. John Kerry, D-Mass., Hillary Clinton, D-N.Y., and Joe Biden, D-Delaware, all voted in favor of both the Homeland Security Act and the Iraq War Resolution, before becoming vocal critics of the Bush administration.

The Homeland Security Act passed 295-132 in the House and 90-9 in the Senate.

Their dissent from the unity of 9/11 quickly devolved into the deep political divide the nation knows today.

Opposition to the Homeland Security Act that did not exist in 2002 has grown more vocal in recent years.

“Perhaps the most tangible and enduring result of the 9/11 attacks is a large, beleaguered and ill-begotten bureaucracy, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security,” former White House insider Richard A. Clarke wrote for the Brennan Center in 2021.

Nina Jankowicz

“Enough time has passed since its creation to realize that the department was poorly conceived, and it is not getting appreciably better with age.”

The headline of Clarke’s report reads: “A mistake made in panic would be best fixed by starting over.”

“Several misguided DHS intelligence programs reveal that DHS is overreaching in its efforts to establish an effective role in the Intelligence Community,” writes the American Civil Liberties Union.

“Perhaps the most tangible and enduring result of the 9/11 attacks is a large, beleaguered and ill-begotten bureaucracy.” — Richard A. Clarke

“At least one other DHS component, the Federal Protective Service, has spied on peaceful protests and produced and disseminated intelligence reports, despite the fact it has no authorized intelligence mission.”

DHS has been savaged by Republicans and conservative commentators over the past year.

The department appears to have colluded with social media giants to censor debate over the nation’s response to COVID-19.

The department is also accused of leading efforts to suppress news related to business dealings between foreign powers and Hunter Biden, President Biden’s disgraced son.

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